To have a good crop in the fields, it is very important to irrigate the area well. Therefore, the farmers adopt various techniques for the irrigation of the crop. If we irrigate the crops properly, we can obtain a good yield. And the crop is also healthy. The drip irrigation method is such a method in which the crop is provided with a small diameter plastic pipe through a small diameter plastic pipe in the form of drop by drop of water to the crop. This technique was first used in the country of Israel. However, this technology is currently popular in many countries of the world.
In this method, water is delivered drop by drop to the roots of the plants. Due to this, the loss of water due to surface evaporation and ground seepage lessens. And we use fertilizer in the form of a solution to reach the fertilizer to the plants. Moreover, this irrigation technique is very suitable for those areas with water scarcity.
Drip Irrigation Method In India
Drip irrigation has become very popular in the last 15 to 20 years in different states of India. At present, the drip irrigation method is popular in about 3.51 lakh hectares of the country, which was only 40 hectares in 1960. In India, the main states with maximum area using drip method are Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Details Of Drip Irrigation System
This irrigation method is very famous in many countries of the world. In this method, the irrigation of plants is done by drip method. For which, we can use a plastic pipe of small diameter. Below is the necessary information about the drip irrigation system and working.
Benefits Of Drip Irrigation
- The water efficiency in the drip irrigation method is up to 95, while in the traditional irrigation system, the water efficiency is about 50 percent.
- With the use of this method, we can prevent the wastage of fertilizers also.
- The growth of the crop irrigated by this method is rapid. Due to this, the crop matures quickly.
- It is very helpful in weed control because weeds grow less due to limited surface moisture.
- The drip irrigation method provides an ideal soil moisture level. Due to this, the crop develops well.
- In this method, the possibility of pesticides and fungicides dissolving is also less.
- We can also use saline water for irrigation
- Irrigation of the crop using this method increases the yield by up to 150 percent.
- Drip irrigation saves 70% of water as compared to conventional irrigation.
- The best advantage of this irrigation is that by using this method. And we can do farming successfully even in saline, sandy and hilly land with a Sonalika tractor.
- Drip irrigation also prevents soil conversation as there is no possibility of soil erosion.
Working Mechanism Of Drip Irrigation System
This drip irrigation system comprises a pump unit, control head, main and sub-main hose, and lateral and exhaust equipment. In this method, the pump unit takes the water from the water source and manages the proper pressure to release the water into the pipe system. The valve is present in the control head. This establishes appropriate pressure for water discharge in the pipe system. Apart from this, a filter is also fitted in this pipe, which cleans it. Moreover, fertilizer and nutrient reservoirs are also present in the control head. Its function is to release sufficient fertilizer into the water during irrigation. Compared to other irrigation methods, this is a special advantage of irrigation.
Water is supplied to the fields from the main hose, sub-main hose and lateral control main. It consists of polythene. This is used to prevent it from being destroyed by direct solar energy, which is pressed into the ground. The lateral tubes are 13–32 mm in diameter. And are used to control the supply of water to lateral plants using the excretory system.
Crops Compatible With Drip Irrigation
The drip irrigation method is mainly popular for row crops, fruit and vegetables. More than one of its exits is delivered to each plant. This method is mainly popular to grow high-value crops. Because the cost of irrigation methods is high. This method is mostly popular in farms, commercial greenhouses, residential gardens, etc. It is ideal for long-distance crops.
We can use the drip method for crops like Apple, Grapes, Orange, Lemons, Bananas, Guava, Mulberries, Date, Pomegranate, Coconut, Plum, Mango etc., and Tomato, Brinjal, Cucumber, Gourd, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Cabbage. Moreover, the drip water can also be used in crops like okra, potato, onion. Apart from this, crops like cotton, sugarcane, maize, groundnut, rose and tuberose can also be grown by this method with the help of an Eicher tractor. This technique of irrigation is done not only for water and soil conservation but also for the good yield of the crop.
In this way, we have given you all the necessary details related to the drip irrigation system. Apart from this, it is crucial for the well-being of the environment. Drip irrigation is famous to carry out farming activities with ease. Moreover, this watering system helps to reduce the wastage of water, making an effort for the conservation of natural resources. Therefore, adopt this irrigation method in farming. It will help to save the planet.